Incontinence and diapers
An involuntary leakage of urine or in other words, the loss of bladder control is called urinary incontinence. It is usually prevalent in 1 out of 10 aged people of age 65 and above. Symptoms can range from mild leaking to uncontrollable wetting.
The International Continence Society (ICS) has further classified the urinary incontinence (UI) into:
• urge urinary incontinence (UUI) – UI associated with urgency
• stress urinary incontinence (SUI) – UI due physical effort or physical activity
• mixed urinary incontinence (MUI)- UI associated with urgency, as well as physical exercise, exertion, sneezing and coughing
Urinary incontinence is termed as a disorder having negative impact on social and sexual relationships along with psycho-emotional changes and decreased quality of sleep or rest. The severity of which could be detrimental to the quality of life contributing to isolation and loneliness (Junqueira & Santos, 2018). Incontinence is a common condition in inpatients and could be associated with longer length of hospital stay and increased mortality rates. A study showed that age was statistically significantly associated with UI. The prevalence was more in orthopedic units. The authors also observed that incontinence is an early marker for frailty. UI increases with age and frailty status (Condon et al, 2019). Incontinence is more commonly observed in women than men. It can occur for many reasons apart from ageing which includes Urinary tract infections, vaginal infection or irritation, constipation, and certain medicines can cause bladder control problems that last a short time. In most cases urinary incontinence can be treated and controlled, if not cured. Good news for people suffering from urinary incontinence. You do not have to suffer in silence as there are a wide range of diapers available at your door step. Diapers are the disposable absorbent hygiene products that has transformed the lives of millions of people whether they are users of the products or people who care for them. These products take care of dryness, hygiene, leakage control, comfort, and skin health and thus contributing to the improved quality of life. Diapers have significant positive impact on the quality of life of individuals suffering from incontinence, by offering security, comfort, and discretion and odor control. They help to regain sense of dignity and stimulate the confidence that allows users to leave their homes and participate in social activities and lead a normal life (Bender et al., 2017). The skin of a healthy adult is a good, protective barrier but repeated exposure to, e.g., urine, faeces and excessive moisture may weaken the skin barrier. The skin under a diaper or an absorbent incontinence product, is under a constant stress and thus more vulnerable. This region of the body does require extra care and it is even more evident that an elderly skin has a diminished function as that of the developing skin of babies. The resulting skin irritation is called diaper dermatitis (DD) or incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD). Cleansing products are effective in removal of skin contaminants and irritants and thereby interfere with the process of DD and IAD. Wipes (free from alcohol, fragrance, essential oils and harsh detergents) may be used as a good alternative to cleanse the skin. It is therefore a good practice to use high-quality absorbent hygiene products in combination with appropriate skin care to maintain good skin health (Bender et al., 2017).